Hey Danon! Great question!
Looks like they have added using Linux in the cloud in the new exam, including Nextcloud, ownCloud. Also, they have added understanding computer hardware such as SSDs. That's about it!
Are you getting this certification for your job? Or do you have a general interest in learning Linux? I'd be really interested to know.
I took the 010-150 exam myself, and it only took me one month of studying with minimal experience working as a sysadmin.